During the past decades, there has been increasing interest around the world in monitoring, understanding, and addressing inequality, both within and between countries. Addressing inequality is not only a priority for normative reasons, but also given the implications it may have for economic growth and development, peace and stability, governance, and social cohesion. Reducing all types of inequality is now part of the agenda of governments, international organizations, and other international actors. The formulation of SDG 10 is an excellent expression of this, as well as the crucial role of reducing inequalities in achieving other SDGs. This mission, however, still faces important challenges on the research side; for instance, with respect to methodologies and available data, especially for low- income countries and long-term analyses. The panel will map empirical patterns and trends in inequalities and build our understanding of inequality as both an outcome and a causal variable. What factors influence change in inequality, and in turn what does inequality mean for key economic, political, and social outcomes? How might inequality be addressed and more inclusive institutions built? We consider both inequalities between individuals and households (vertical inequality) and inequalities between multiple types of groups (horizontal inequality), including those defined by ethnicity, race, gender, and geographic region. We study inequalities in terms of income, consumption, and wealth, as well as of access to decent employment, access to public services, political power, and social status. This panel is already full.
Rachel Gisselquist, UNU-WIDER
Milla Nyyssölä, UNU-WIDER