7: Questioning the Fiscal Inequality as an Obstacle to Social Cohesion: Cases from North Africa

The issue of ‘Fiscal Inequality’ characterizing the North African countries can be a fruitful tool for rethinking the main (deep) causes of the failures of their development policies. This question is often part of a hidden local agenda linked to the wide inequality between social categories of the same country, those natural resources rich especially, as the North African ones. We have chosen to consider this issue as our main hypothesis to deal with. Our main objective is to open new ideas and orientations to renew our reflection on the fight of inequality to better development level and social cohesion in these countries, despite their diversity and their differences. The failures of resource-rich States to improve the well-being of their populations are not limited to economic aspects, but everyone can clearly see their growing negative impacts on social cohesion indicated for example by the continued attempt of their citizens to migrate to the North regardless of the means used and whatever the threats to them are. This ingrained desire to emigrate and the daily attempt to cross borders to leave the country of origin strongly underline the huge and dominant inequality context in the North African countries, as in similar cases in sub-Saharan Africa. Questioning the inequality in its fiscal aspects, can help to overcome the unsatisfied and very limited technical analyzes and their explanations of development patterns and policy failures which have a negative impact on social cohesion in these countries. This focus could open new ways for thinkers, researchers, and policymakers to address many of today’s misunderstood topics, such as ‘Development policies failures’, and ‘Social cohesion weaknesses’. Abstracts (max. 300 words) should be emailed to the panel chair.

Panel chair

Nadji Khaoua, Annaba University, pr.nadjikh@gmail.com