This panel invites papers that reflect intersectional inequalities, their multiple sources, practical manifestations and political consequences in relation to the questions of civil society and citizenship. While civil society is often considered as a space for struggling against inequalities, civic spaces are increasingly under attack and occupied by groups that promote inequality for instance in terms of ethnicity and gender. Moreover, processes of self-organization and mobilization may include mechanisms that reproduce inequalities through dynamics of inclusion and exclusion. Although universalist ideals of citizenship subscribe to equality, citizenship rights are often in practice realized in unequal ways. Inequalities can be considered among the main hindrances to the exercise of democracy, and among the reasons for the expanding support to authoritarianism also in formally democratic countries. These arguments invite intersectional, complex and contextual understanding of how inequalities emerge, are maintained and can be challenged. We invite both theoretical elaborations and empirical investigations of the ways in which disadvantages and privileges are at play when citizens organize and mobilize themselves in relation to the state, institutions, corporations, and other citizens. The panel seeks to produce a special issue for the Journal of Civil Society. Priority will be given to those participants, who will be able to present a full draft paper (max. 9,000 words). Abstracts (max. 200 words) should be emailed to all panel chairs.
Tiina Kontinen, University of Jyväskylä, firstname.lastname@example.org
Eija Ranta, University of Helsinki, email@example.com
Henri Onodera, University of Tampere, firstname.lastname@example.org